The Apostrophe that Altered Ghana’s History: The interesting reason Ghana has two holidays called Founders’ Day

Ghana, a country rich in culture, history, and traditions, in March of 2019 added a new holiday to its national calendar – Founders’ Day.

However, this seemingly innocuous addition has ignited a fascinating debate, shining a spotlight on the power of a simple punctuation mark.

The Shift of an Apostrophe

Today, August 4th, Ghanaians at home are celebrating another Founders’ Day, a holiday that collectively acknowledges all those who contributed to the country’s liberation. The uniqueness of this holiday lies not only in its significance but also in the placement of an apostrophe.

This seemingly trivial punctuation mark has altered the course of history and reshaped our nation’s narrative.

READ MORE: Ghana Twitter reacts to 50th anniversary of the death of Osagyefo Kwame Nkrumah

The Clash of Perspectives

The journey to establish Founders’ Day is intertwined with a clash of perspectives on Ghana’s origins. The concept of Founder’s Day, with the apostrophe before the “s,” was initially introduced by late President John Evans Atta Mills.

Under his leadership, Ghana celebrated Kwame Nkrumah, the first president, as the sole founder on September 21st – a day now known as Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Day.

President Atta Mills firmly believed that Nkrumah’s leadership in the struggle for independence marked him as the unchallenged founder.

His conviction was echoed by supporters who believed Nkrumah’s contributions defined Ghana’s identity on the global stage.

However, an opposing viewpoint argued that Ghana’s birth was a collective effort, led not by one individual but by a group of passionate advocates.

This group contended that the struggle for independence had multiple contributors and that Nkrumah should not be singularly celebrated as the sole founder.

The Birth of Founders’ Day

76 years ago today, on August 4, 1947, in the midst of great momentum for an independence movement in the Gold Coast, the first political party, the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) was founded. This day has now be declared as FOUNDERS’ DAY.

In 2017, a shift in political leadership brought a change in perspective. The apostrophe was relocated from before the “s” to after it, leading to the establishment of Founders’ Day – a day that honours the collective effort of those who fought for Ghana’s independence.

The significance of Founders’ Day lies in two pivotal moments in Ghana’s history. On August 4th, 1897, the Aborigines’ Rights Protection Society (ARPS) was formed, rallying against a proposed law that threatened to expropriate Ghanaian lands. This successful resistance laid the foundation for the nation’s land ownership rights.

Moreover, August 4th, 1947 marked the public debut of Ghana’s first political party, the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC). This event, occurring 50 years after the formation of the ARPS, showcased the nation’s collective aspirations for self-governance.

An Apostrophe’s Impact

The apostrophe, often overlooked in everyday language, took centre stage in shaping Ghana’s perception of its founders.

It transformed Founder’s Day, a celebration of a singular individual, into Founders’ Day, a tribute to the collective endeavour of many.

The shift in punctuation symbolizes a shift in ideology, from emphasizing a single figure to recognizing the collaborative spirit that birthed the nation.

Separation of Celebrations

While Founders’ Day became a tribute to the “Big Six” and their instrumental role in Ghana’s liberation, September 21st was designated as Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Day.

President Akufo-Addo’s proposal also resulted in the separation of celebrations. While Founders’ Day became a tribute to the “Big Six” and their instrumental role in Ghana’s liberation, September 21st was designated as Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Day.

This differentiation allowed the nation to honour Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah’s birthdate specifically, recognizing his leadership in the movement towards independence.

Legislation and Evolution

In March 2019, the Ghanaian government enacted the public holiday amendments bill, solidifying August 4th as the official date for Founders’ Day. This legislation encapsulated the evolving narrative of Ghana’s history, acknowledging the shared contributions of multiple individuals in the fight for liberation.

As Ghanaians gather to celebrate Founders’ Day, we not only commemorate our history but also acknowledge the profound impact of language and perspective.

The apostrophe, in this instance, serves as a powerful reminder that even the tiniest details can wield significant influence in shaping a nation’s narrative and identity.





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